Additional Product Features Original Language. This is historical biography as it should be written The author used the letters, chronicles, and testimony at Joan's trial, to thrust the legendary aspects of this young girl's life into the background and create an alive, believable human being. Show More Show Less.
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Joan of Arc: By Herself and Her Witnesses - Regine Pernoud - Google книги
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Young People, the Faith and Vocational Discernment
In response to the summons of Bishop Cauchon, priest and usher Jean Massieu, on this same date, reported that Joan had agreed to appear, but that she requested that ecclesiastics of the French side be summoned equal in number to those of the English party, and that she be allowed to hear Mass.
During the course of several days of interrogations, she was asked concerning matters such as her name, her birth, her parents and godparents, her baptism, and her religious upbringing. She replied that she would do so only if she were allowed to be heard in Confession. I should be the saddest creature in the world if I knew I were not in His grace. She was asked whether they were male or female, did they have hair, what language they spoke, etc. Asked whether St.
Joan seemed aware that her inquisitor Pierre Couchon was acting in bad faith. And I warn you so that if God punish you for it, I shall have done my duty in telling you. Catherine and St. Margaret would at once abandon me. The ordinary, or regular, trial of Joan began on March 26, the day after Palm Sunday, with the drawing up of the 70 articles later summarized in a 12 article indictment. If Joan refused to answer them, she would be said to have admitted them.
On the following day, the articles were read aloud and Joan was questioned in French. The next two days, the extensive list of charges were then read again to her in French. The Ordinary Trial concluded on May 24 with her abjuration , an important turning point in the proceedings. The clergy who served on the tribunal later said Joan had kept this clothing tied tightly together during her months in prison because she said she needed such an outfit to protect herself from possible rape.
The trial record omits much information on this issue, but does contain quotes from her protesting that she was not doing anything wrong; but faced with immediate execution on May 24, she agreed to give up this clothing and sign the abjuration document. She seemed to be fearful of death at the stake. To save my life I betrayed Him and in so doing I damned myself! The aim of the trial was to investigate whether the trial of condemnation and its verdict had been handled justly and according to canon law.
The final summary in June, described Joan as a martyr and implicated the late Pierre Cauchon with heresy for having convicted an innocent woman in pursuit of a secular vendetta. The court declared her innocence on 7 July
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